Identifying Hazards and Applying Controls
Integrated Safety Management
Hazards are identified, evaluated and corrected as a routine part of planning work and when warranted, through inspections. The integrated safety management (ISM) approach can improve safety in almost every work situation. The following steps can be thought of as a continuous cycle or loop:
- Define the Work: Outline the scope of work
- Identify the hazards: Several resources are available to help identify and analyze hazards
- Job Safety Analysis (JSA): JSAs describe job tasks in step-by-step fashion, identifies associated hazards at each step, and outlines proper hazard controls
- Safety Data Sheets (SDS): Safety data sheets are the best source of information regarding the hazards, emergency response, and protective measures for any hazardous material.
- Hazard Communication
- Chemical Hygiene Plan
- Develop Controls: What can be done to address the hazards in the workplace
- Implement the Work: Perform the planned work using the controls that have been identified
- Feedback and Improvement: After the work is done, evaluate what went well, and whether improvements are needed for next time.